CAA BILL has been passed by the Government of India and the implementation of NRC BILL in India is currently being talked about .citizenship amendment act, In such a situation, every Indian citizen should know what is CAA BILL and what is NRC BILL? ..What will be the effect of both these rules or both of these provisions on you?
Note: Here we are just going to give you information about both the BILL (citizenship amendment act, national register of citizens of India) and whatever questions you have in mind, we will try to provide information about these bills in short and simple
The Citizenship Bill (CAB) 2019 has now been made a Citizenship Legislative Act (CAA) after the President’s approval on December 12, 2019 . There is a lot of opposition in the country regarding this Citizenship Act 2019 (CAA 2019).
SO LET’S KNOW WHAT IS THE CITIZENSHIP BILL LAW AND WHAT WILL BE ITS EFFECT ON YOU?
The Citizenship Bill 2019 (CAB) was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 9 December 2019 by Home Minister Amit Shah and was passed by 311 vs 80 votes in the Lok Sabha.
It was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on 11 December where 125 votes have been voted against the Citizenship Bill 2019 (CAB) and 99 against. Thus, the Citizenship Bill (CAB Bill) was passed. CAA and NRC bill
After the bill was passed, it was also approved by the President on 12 December, when the Citizenship Bill (CAB Bill) became the Citizenship Bill Act (CAA). And after the Citizenship Bill became law, it is being fiercely and strongly opposed all over the country, so let us know what was the Citizenship Bill 1955 (CAB 1995) and when was it amended?
WHAT IS THE CITIZENSHIP ACT 1955?
The Citizenship Act 1955 deals with acquiring Indian citizenship and deciding citizenship. The Constitution of India is accompanied by the Citizenship Act 1955, a detailed law relating to citizenship of India.
In order to give citizenship to a person, its provision is detailed in Articles 5 to 11 (Part ll) in the Constitution of India.CAA and NRC bill.
WHAT WAS THE CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT BILL 2016?
The Citizenship Amendment Bill was introduced in 2016 to amend the Citizenship Act which was first made in 1955.
The bill was introduced on 19 July 2016. It has a provision for granting citizenship to illegal non-Muslim refugees from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan, India’s three Muslim neighbors.
On August 12, 2016, it was referred to the Joint Parliamentary Committee. The committee submitted its report on 7 January 2019. After that, the bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on the next day i.e. 8 January 2019, but the bill could not be introduced in the Rajya Sabha at that time. The bill has been reintroduced by the government in the winter session.
WHY DID THE CITIZENSHIP BILL 2019 HAVE TO BE REINTRODUCED?
A rule has also been made in the parliamentary process according to which if a bill is passed in the Lok Sabha but fails to pass in Rajya Sabha and the term of the Lok Sabha expires, then that bill becomes ineffective i.e. its validity ends is .
This means that the bill will have to be passed by both the houses again. At the same time, the rules are slightly different for Rajya Sabha, if a bill is pending from the Rajya Sabha and cannot be passed by the Lok Sabha and the Lok Sabha is dissolved, then that bill is not ineffective.
This bill was not able to go to the Rajya Sabha and in the meantime, the term of the 16th Lok Sabha ended, so on passing this bill again in both the houses and after the President’s signature, it has become a law which is now CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act ) Is being said.
WHAT IS THE PROVISION MADE IN THE CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT NEW LAW?
The Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 (CAA 2019) simplifies citizenship rules for migrants from Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religions from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Previously, it was mandatory for any person to stay in India for at least the last 11 years to get citizenship of India, making this rule easier and the duration of citizenship has been increased from 1 year to 6 years.
That is, the above 6 religions, Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from these 3 countries have settled in India in the last 1 to 6 years, then these people will get citizenship.
In simple words, the rule of giving citizenship to non-Muslim migrants from three Muslim majority neighboring countries of India has been made easier.
Note: – If these three Muslims have come from majority neighboring countries (Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan) , people are Muslims, then we will talk further on what is the provision for them!
NRC BILL (NATIONAL REGISTER OF CITIZENS OF INDIA) INDIAN NATIONAL CITIZEN REGISTER
NRC Bill: – The biggest objective of NRC bill is to send back the migrants living illegally in the country to their country.
NATIONAL REGISTER OF CITIZEN BILL
National register of citizen bill: – The biggest objective of NRC bill or National Register of Citizen Bill is to bring out the intruders settled in India.
The purpose of NRC Bill is to send back those who are living illegally in India.
The NRC Bill has just been completed in Assam, but it has been clarified by the country’s Home Minister Amit Shah that the NRC will be implemented across the country.
Keep in mind NRC is not yet applicable for the whole country.
Note: – The NRC Bill has nothing to do with the citizens of any religion living in India, its purpose is only to drive out the intruders living in India. (Irrespective of religion)
WHAT DOES NRC MEAN ?
National register of citizen bill (NRC bill) is a registered in which the record of all the legal citizens living in India will be kept. Explain that the NRC facility was done in Assam under the supervision of the Supreme Court in 2013, at present it has not been implemented in any state other than Assam.
WHAT IS REQUIRED TO JOIN NRC?
To prove a citizen of India under NRC, one has to prove that their ancestors had come to India before 24 March 1971.
The NRC has been implemented to expel illegal Bangladeshis in Assam.
The bill to introduce it in the whole country can be brought in the next Parliament session. To implement the NSC across India, it will have to undergo a complex and difficult process.
SOME FAQS AND ANSWERS RELATED TO CAA BILL AND NRC BILL.
WHAT IS CAA?
Under the Citizenship Amendment Act , Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Parsis, Jains and Mercury who have been tortured from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh will be given citizenship to live in India.
WHY IS THERE SO MUCH PERFORMANCE AROUND CAA?
For your information, let us know that there are 2 ways in which the Citizen Amendment Act (CAA) is being performed in the country.
The first is happening in North East India, which is happening because of the implementation of this act that people will come from outside and there is a threat to their culture.
The second demonstration is being held in a particular part of India or the North East, with the demonstration that this law is non-constitutional.
WHICH DOCUMENTS ARE VALID UNDER NRC?
Note that NRC has been implemented only in Assam and only the list of NRC has been prepared for the people of Assam.
The NRC has not yet been implemented across India and its provisions have not yet been decided. To implement the NRC BILL across India, the government still has a long way to go, a long process and only after the President’s signature will the NRC be implemented across the country.
When the Assam Accord was reached for the Assam NRC, on the basis of the High Court, the citizens of Assam were required to submit any type of identity card or any document such as birth certificate of the parent ancestor for the pre-1971 genealogy.
… UNDERSTAND THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT WITH THE HELP OF CORRECT FACTS…
1. DOES THE CAA ONLY INCLUDE NRC?
It is not that CAA is a separate law and NRC is a separate process. The CAA has been implemented nationwide after the passage of Parliament, but the NRC has not yet been implemented nationwide.
Neither the NRC rules and its procedures have been decided yet. The NRC process that is going on in Assam is being conducted under the Honorable Supreme Court order and the Assam Accord.
2. DO INDIAN MUSLIMS NEED TO BE AFRAID OR NERVOUS ABOUT CAA AND NRC?
No, Indian citizens of any religion do not have to bother with CAA nor do they need to be afraid of NRC.
3. WILL THE NRC ONLY AFFECT MUSLIMS?
No not at all It has nothing to do with any religion, it will be for all the citizens of India and its purpose is to send the citizens living illegally in India back to their country. The NRC is a registered one which will include information of such people who are Indian citizens.
4. DOES THE NRC EXCLUDE PEOPLE ON RELIGIOUS GROUNDS?
It is not so, NRC is not at all about any religion when NRC will be implemented it will neither be implemented on the basis of religion nor can it be applied on the basis of religion. In India, no one can be excluded on the basis that he is a believer of a particular religion or a follower of that religion.
5. WILL MUSLIMS BE ASKED FOR PROOF OF BEING INDIAN THROUGH NRC?
First of all you should know that NRC has not yet been launched at the national level or central level.
Neither any official announcement has been made by the government nor any law has been made on this rule.
If NRC is also implemented in future, then do not take it in such a way that you are considered to be an Indian identity card!
You can take it as a process like creating an Aadhar card or some other identity card.
NRC is simply the process of registering your name in the registered Indian citizenship.
6. HOW IS CITIZENSHIP GRANTED? WILL THIS PROCESS BE IN THE HANDS OF THE GOVERNMENT?
Citizenship of any person is decided under the Citizenship Rules 2009, this rule has been made on the basis of the Citizenship Act 1955. This rule is publicly held equal for all individual religions. Following are five ways for any person to become a citizen of India.
⏩ Citizenship by birth
⏩ Citizenship by descent
⏩ Citizenship based on registration
⏩ Citizenship based on naturalization
⏩ Citizenship based on land distribution
7. WHENEVER NRC COMES INTO FORCE, DO WE HAVE TO PROVIDE BIRTH DETAILS OF OUR PARENTS TO PROVE OUR INDIAN CITIZENSHIP?
It is sufficient to give you your details like date of birth, month, year and location. If you do not have the details of your birth, then you will have to provide this information about your parents.
But no such requirement has been made for any document to be made available by the parents.
Any citizenship can be proved by submitting any documents related to the date of birth and place of birth. But no official statement has been made about any such document.
In the future, you can use any of the following documents to prove your citizenship (only this is likely).
Voter ID card, passport, Aadhaar, license insurance papers, birth certificate, school leaving certificate, land or house papers or certificates issued by government officials.
The list of this document can be further lengthened so that any citizen who is truly Indian, will not be stripped of his citizenship and this citizen will not face any kind of trouble.
8 IF THE NRC IS APPLICABLE, DO I HAVE TO PROVE THE GENEALOGY DONE BEFORE 1971?
It is not like that at all. For genealogy prior to 1971 you are not required to submit any type of identity card such as birth proof of parents or ancestors.
This was valid only for the Assam NRC based on the simple agreement and the directive of the Hon’ble Supreme Court.
For the rest of the country, the NRC process under The Citizenship (registration of citizens and issue of national identity card) Rules, 2003 is completely different.
9. IF IT IS SO EASY TO PROVE IDENTITY, THEN HOW DID 19 LAKH PEOPLE IN ASSAM GET OUT OF NRC?
It will not be right to link Assam’s problem with the whole country. The problem of infiltration there has been going on for a long time, there has been a movement for 6 years against it. CAA and NRC bill, CAA and NRC bill.
Due to this infiltration, the Rajiv Gandhi government had to enter into an agreement in 1985 under which the March 25, 1971, to identify the intruders has been considered as a cut-off date, which became the basis for implementing the NRC in Assam.
10. WILL IT BE CONSIDERED DIFFICULT AND OLD DOCUMENTS FOR NRC, WHICH WILL BE VERY DIFFICULT TO COLLECT?
Very common documents will be required to prove the identity. If the NRC is announced at the national level, CAA bill, then for that the government will decide such rules and guidelines so that no one gets in trouble.
It cannot be the intention of the government to disturb its citizens and trouble anyone.
The rest of the guidelines will be issued whenever the NRC is implemented, only then you will be provided with proper and correct information.
IF YOU NEED ANY MORE INFORMATION RELATED TO NRC BILL AND CAA . SO DEFINITELY CHECK OUT THE PDF BELOW IN WHICH WE HAVE GIVEN YOU MANY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
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Posted by ROHIT KUMAR
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